Table 4

Ever and current use of cessation aids among South African current combustible tobacco smokers who have made a past quit attempt, 2018 (n=4309)

CategoryCessation counselling programmes
(n=534)
Ever use,* % (95% CI)Any cessation
aid†
(n=2137)
Current use,‡ % (95% CI)Any
medication§
(n=1458)
Any cessation
aid†
(n=1588)
NRT (gum or spray)¶
(n=1543)
Prescription medication
(n=1182)
Any
medication§
(n=2015)
Cessation counselling programmes
(n=379)
NRT (gum or spray)¶
(n=1132)
Prescription
medication
(n=695)
Overall9.8 (8.0 to 11.1)32.2 (29.7 to 34.5)20.5 (18.1 to 22.4)40.0 (36.8 to 42.3)42.8 (40.0 to 45.4)7.1 (5.8 to 8.5)22.5 (20.4 to 24.8)12.4 (10.5 to 14.4)28.0 (25.9 to 30.5)31.0 (28.4 to 33.3)
Race/ethnicity
 Black Africans6.3 (3.9 to 9.4)28.6 (24.7 to 33.5)12.5 (8.9 to 16.0)32.8 (27.2 to 36.5)35.0 (30.4 to 39.6)5.0 (3.0 to 7.4)18.6 (15.4 to 22.7)8.2 (4.8 to 11.6)21.8 (17.4 to 26.1)24.6 (20.7 to 29.0)
 Coloured6.6 (4.2 to 10.0)27.4 (22.6 to 32.6)15.5 (11.5 to 19.1)34.4 (29.8 to 38.9)36.4 (30.9 to 41.6)3.6 (1.9 to 5.2)18.5 (15.2 to 22.3)7.8 (5.7 to 10.6)23.5 (18.7 to 29.1)24.3 (20.3 to 28.3)
    
 Indian/Asian
6.7 (4.1 to 9.3)28.0 (23.2 to 32.8)18.4 (14.0 to 21.8)35.0 (29.1 to 39.2)37.8 (31.1 to 42.6)3.9 (1.8 to 5.6)20.8 (15.3 to 24.4)10.8 (7.7 to 14.1)25.9 (21.9 to 29.9)27.7 (24.4 to 32.7)
 Other15.9 (8.8 to 24.5)36.2 (27.8 to 46.0)34.4 (27.4 to 43.3)51.0 (43.6 to 60.9)54.7 (44.2 to 63.9)10.4 (4.3 to 16.3)23.3 (15.7 to 30.6)21.4 (14.2 to 28.3)35.3 (28.1 to 45.3)39.0 (29.4 to 46.5)
 White group17.6 (16.4 to 19.4)41.3 (39.1 to 43.1)37.1 (35.5 to 39.1)56.0 (54.1 to 57.8)59.9 (57.8 to 61.4)12.8 (11.1 to 14.3)31.4 (29.7 to 33.5)22 (20.2 to 23.7)41.5 (39.4 to 43.3)45.7 (43.5 to 47.4)
Gender
 Women12.9 (9.4 to 15.5)28.3 (25.0 to 31.9)20.4 (18.0 to 23.7)35.7 (31.7 to 39.8)39.8 (35.8 to 44.5)9.3 (6.8 to 12.2)20.5 (17.6 to 23.4)11.8 (10.1 to 13.8)25.6 (22.2 to 29.1)29.8 (25.1 to 33.8)
 Men7.5 (6.4 to 9.1)35.1 (32.0 to 38.4)20.4 (17.5 to 23.1)43.1 (39.3 to 46.6)44.8 (40.9 to 48.1)5.6 (4.6 to 6.9)23.9 (21.0 to 26.5)12.8 (9.9 to 15.1)29.7 (26.6 to 34.0)31.8 (28.4 to 34.7)
Age (years)
 18–253.8 (1.8 to 6.5)20.5 (15.1 to 27.3)4.4 (2.7 to 6.3)21.9 (15.8 to 29.7)22.7 (16.6 to 30.7)2.8 (1.4 to 5.0)12.6 (9.4 to 17.3)2.8 (1.5 to 4.4)14.3 (10.2 to 19.0)15.6 (12.0 to 20.7)
 26–356.9 (5.8 to 8.7)28.4 (26.0 to 31.4)15.5 (13.2 to 17.6)34.7 (31.8 to 38.0)37.1 (34.3 to 40.2)5.1 (4.0 to 6.3)20.4 (18.1 to 22.3)9.4 (7.5 to 11.1)24.4 (22.1 to 27.1)26.7 (23.3 to 29.6)
 36–4511.9 (9.2 to 14.3)40.6 (36.3 to 44.9)27.2 (24.0 to 30.8)49.7 (45.5 to 54.0)50.6 (46.8 to 54.9)9.3 (6.5 to 12.0)29.1 (25.3 to 33.3)15.2 (12.6 to 17.5)35.0 (30.4 to 38.7)37.1 (33.0 to 40.6)
 46–5519.4 (12.0 to 26.6)37.4 (32.3 to 47.1)30.6 (25.5 to 37.5)50.3 (42.8 to 57.4)59.5 (51.8 to 67.3)13.1 (6.5 to 20.8)25.0 (19.1 to 31.7)16.8 (12.6 to 22.4)33.2 (27.8 to 40.6)41.9 (34.1 to 48.1)
 56–659.1 (5.9 to 13.5)40.5 (27.4 to 53.6)37.1 (23.7 to 51.7)55.5 (44.2 to 67.6)58.1 (42.9 to 71.6)6.0 (4.3 to 8.3)28.3 (15.8 to 40.3)29.1 (17.8 to 40.6)42.3 (28.0 to 55.1)43.9 (29.3 to 59.3)
 66+22.6 (9.1 to 39.9)29.1 (14.9 to 49.4)28.8 (15.0 to 43.2)39.1 (24.7 to 66.6)46.2 (27.9 to 70.8)19.7 (5.7 to 38.9)24.9 (10.0 to 41.7)16.5 (7.8 to 29.7)31.9 (17.0 to 56.3)39.5 (23.7 to 66.3)
Income (ZAR)**
 None3.4 (1.9 to 5.6)24.5 (13.9 to 38.1)6.3 (3.7 to 10.8)25.5 (15.9 to 39.6)26.6 (15.7 to 39.7)2.0 (1.0 to 3.6)9.8 (6.0 to 15.5)3.4 (1.8 to 5.9)11.3 (7.7 to 16.4)12.2 (7.1 to 18.3)
 ≤10 0004.4 (2.5 to 6.9)29.0 (21.1 to 37.8)15.4 (9.3 to 22.9)31.8 (23.6 to 40.0)32.0 (23.3 to 39.1)3.3 (1.5 to 5.1)23.6 (16.5 to 32.4)9.3 (4.6 to 16)26.6 (18.4 to 36.3)27.1 (19.7 to 34.3)
 ≤20 0009.4 (6.2 to 14.4)35.3 (31.4 to 39.9)19.8 (15.1 to 22.9)42.4 (38.2 to 47.4)45.6 (40.8 to 49.9)7.0 (3.8 to 11.0)24.4 (19.7 to 29.2)11.5 (9.1 to 13.9)28.9 (23.4 to 33.1)32.4 (28.0 to 37.4)
 ≤30 00011.1 (7.5 to 15.1)33.9 (28.9 to 39.1)22.8 (18.9 to 26.7)42.2 (37.1 to 47.9)44.9 (39.0 to 52.6)7.8 (5.3 to 11.1)23.8 (20.1 to 28.3)14.7 (11.7 to 18)29.9 (25.3 to 34.7)32.1 (27.7 to 36.0)
 ≤50 00019.5 (13.4 to 25.7)38.8 (31.8 to 46.3)31.9 (25.0 to 39.7)52.2 (45.6 to 59.7)60.4 (50.3 to 66.8)13.3 (8.6 to 18.6)29.8 (23.1 to 36.9)21.1 (15.7 to 28.4)40.1 (33.0 to 47.4)46.1 (39.6 to 53.2)
 >50 0009.7 (7.0 to 13.4)29.5 (24.8 to 33.2)20.9 (17.5 to 26.1)39.6 (33.8 to 44.6)41.4 (35.4 to 44.9)7.9 (5.6 to 10.9)19.5 (16.1 to 23.4)12.6 (9.2 to 15.9)26.3 (21.5 to 30.7)30.0 (25.9 to 35.9)
 Undisclosed10.5 (7.2 to 14.6)33.3 (25.7 to 40.3)27.2 (21.8 to 34.7)43.9 (34.1 to 53.6)45.8 (37.3 to 53.9)6.9 (4.3 to 10.9)25.3 (18.9 to 32.8)13.4 (9.5 to 18.1)31.0 (25.3 to 38.3)33.7 (27.0 to 41.8)
Health status
 Very good8.8 (6.0 to 11.9)27.8 (21.6 to 34.6)23.4 (16.7 to 29.4)39.9 (32.3 to 46.9)41.9 (35.8 to 51.2)6.6 (4.2 to 10.4)20.9 (14.8 to 27.8)14.6 (10.1 to 20.6)29.0 (22.6 to 35.6)31.1 (25.3 to 39.0)
 Good10.1 (8.3 to 11.9)29.2 (26.5 to 31.8)20.3 (17.6 to 23.2)37.5 (34.6 to 40.9)40.3 (37.6 to 43.3)6.9 (5.9 to 8.9)21.4 (18.9 to 23.8)11 (9.5 to 12.6)26.4 (23.5 to 28.9)29.5 (26.8 to 32.5)
 Moderate9.6 (7.5 to 11.9)32.8 (28.7 to 36.9)19.4 (16.4 to 23.5)39.7 (35.3 to 43.7)42.6 (37.5 to 47.8)7.2 (5.1 to 10.0)21.8 (18.8 to 24.6)11.6 (9.2 to 14.5)26.8 (23.1 to 31.2)30.1 (26.1 to 33.7)
 Bad10.7 (5.3 to 16.0)34.5 (26.9 to 42.3)21.6 (15.3 to 28.2)43.8 (33.2 to 54.0)46.8 (36.9 to 56.1)8.5 (3.7 to 15.1)25.4 (18.2 to 32.5)15.2 (9.3 to 21.8)33.8 (25.0 to 45.0)36.8 (27.2 to 47.1)
 Very bad6.1 (2.9 to 10.7)51.2 (35.5 to 65.2)26.7 (9.1 to 45.4)51.9 (32.9 to 68.0)52.5 (35.0 to 69.4)3.4 (0.8 to 6.9)30.7 (12.0 to 49.2)20.8 (2.7 to 42.6)31.4 (14.3 to 49.4)32.1 (14.6 to 47.9)
Nicotine dependence††
 Mild10.5 (7.9 to 13.5)33.1 (28.7 to 36.4)20.1 (16.4 to 22.8)38.6 (34.2 to 43.5)41.9 (37.2 to 46.8)7.7 (5.4 to 11.3)24.1 (20.2 to 27.0)12.4 (10.1 to 15.7)27.8 (23.7 to 31.4)31.3 (27.0 to 36.2)
 Moderate9.1 (8.1 to 10.6)31.4 (28.0 to 34.0)20.4 (17.8 to 22.7)41.0 (37.3 to 45.3)43.3 (40.0 to 46.1)6.7 (5.6 to 7.8)21.2 (19.1 to 23.3)12.4 (10.8 to 14.6)28.1 (25.7 to 31.3)30.8 (26.7 to 33.8)
 Heavy12.3 (7.0 to 20.2)35.1 (22.8 to 49.7)33.4 (21.0 to 47.6)44.8 (31.3 to 60.6)46.8 (34.6 to 59.7)7.1 (2.7 to 11.6)20.5 (13.6 to 31.7)14.2 (7.5 to 21.6)27.6 (18.8 to 39.8)28.2 (20.2 to 38.2)
  • *Ever use was defined as use at least once in a lifetime.

  • †Cessation counselling and/or pharmacotherapy.

  • ‡Current use was self-reported use at any frequency at the time of the survey.

  • §Any pharmacotherapy (ie, either NRT or prescription medication).

  • ¶Over-the-counter medication.

  • **Monthly personal income. Each income category not inclusive of previous grouping (ie, mutually exclusive).

  • ††Nicotine dependence was assessed with the Heaviness of Smoking Index which was calculated using a 6-point scale from the number of cigarettes smoked per day: 10 or fewer cigarettes (0 points); 11–20 cigarettes (1 point); 21–30 cigarettes (2 points); and 31 or more cigarettes (3 points); and the time to first cigarette after waking: within 5 min (3 points); 6–30 min (2 points); 31–60 min (1 point) and after 60 min (0 points). Using both indexes, the scale was scored as follows: 0–2: low addiction; 3–4: moderate addiction; 5–6: high addiction.

  • NRT, nicotine replacement therapy; ZAR, South African rand.