Table 3

Correlates of specific quit triggers among current smokers of any combustible tobacco product who have made a past quit attempt in their lifetime, South Africa, 2018 (n=4309)

Family/partner pressure (including having kids)Health scareWanted a healthy lifestyleThe law: I can’t smoke in so many public places nowCost of cigarettesNew Year’s ResolutionMy healthcare provider (doctor/pharmacist) suggested I should quit
Age (years)
 18–25 (referent)
 26–351.27 (1.02 to 1.57)*0.99 (0.78 to 1.26)0.89 (0.71 to 1.11)0.97 (0.56 to 1.67)0.93 (0.76 to 1.15)0.94 (0.74 to 1.19)1.20 (0.88 to 1.64)
 36–451.34 (1.07 to 1.68)*1.00 (0.77 to 1.30)0.79 (0.62 to 1.00)1.27 (0.72 to 2.23)0.86 (0.69 to 1.08)0.61 (0.47 to 0.80)*1.41 (1.02 to 1.95)*
 46–550.91 (0.70 to 1.18)1.41 (1.05 to 1.88)*0.69 (0.53 to 0.90)*1.30 (0.69 to 2.44)0.64 (0.50 to 0.83)*0.47 (0.34 to 0.66)*1.71 (1.20 to 2.44)*
 56–650.74 (0.54 to 1.02)2.21 (1.59 to 3.08)*0.47 (0.34 to 0.64)*2.33 (1.22 to 4.45)*0.76 (0.56 to 1.02)0.46 (0.30 to 0.68)*3.08 (2.10 to 4.52)*
 66+0.59 (0.29 to 1.20)1.39 (0.69 to 2.78)0.36 (0.20 to 0.67)*3.61 (1.32 to 9.88)*0.68 (0.36 to 1.26)0.62 (0.28 to 1.37)2.41 (1.16 to 5.02)*
Age at starting smoking (years)
 ≤13 (referent)
 14–181.12 (0.91 to 1.36)0.99 (0.79 to 1.24)1.29 (1.06 to 1.58)*1.22 (0.73 to 2.04)1.03 (0.84 to 1.25)0.89 (0.70 to 1.13)1.19 (0.91 to 1.55)
 19–240.99 (0.80 to 1.24)0.94 (0.73 to 1.20)1.24 (1.00 to 1.56)1.49 (0.86 to 2.57)0.91 (0.74 to 1.14)0.88 (0.67 to 1.14)1.04 (0.77 to 1.40)
 25–291.03 (0.68 to 1.55)0.92 (0.58 to 1.47)1.30 (0.86 to 1.97)1.39 (0.56 to 3.46)0.91 (0.61 to 1.38)0.82 (0.48 to 1.40)1.27 (0.75 to 2.12)
 30+0.71 (0.40 to 1.26)1.00 (0.55 to 1.82)1.35 (0.79 to 2.30)1.08 (0.30 to 3.81)0.50 (0.28 to 0.91)0.40 (0.16 to 1.03)0.82 (0.40 to 1.70)
Gender
 Women (referent)
 Men0.84 (0.74 to 0.95)*1.61 (1.38 to 1.88)*1.70 (1.48 to 1.94)*1.18 (0.87 to 1.60)1.44 (1.26 to 1.63)*1.31 (1.12 to 1.54)*1.24 (1.04 to 1.47)*
Race/ethnicity
 Black Africans (referent)
 Coloured0.95 (0.76 to 1.18)0.70 (0.55 to 0.89)*1.09 (0.86 to 1.38)0.92 (0.55 to 1.54)1.57 (1.26 to 1.96)*0.84 (0.64 to 1.09)1.44 (1.07 to 1.93)*
 Indian/Asians0.80 (0.61 to 1.06)0.66 (0.49 to 0.89)*1.14 (0.85 to 1.54)0.66 (0.32 to 1.35)0.98 (0.74 to 1.29)0.87 (0.63 to 1.21)1.30 (0.91 to 1.88)
 Other1.10 (0.72 to 1.69)0.44 (0.26 to 0.76)*0.73 (0.47 to 1.13)0.52 (0.15 to 1.80)1.57 (1.02 to 2.41)*1.17 (0.71 to 1.94)1.12 (0.62 to 2.03)
 White group0.82 (0.68 to 0.99)*0.55 (0.45 to 0.67)*0.97 (0.80 to 1.18)0.84 (0.55 to 1.30)1.31 (1.09 to 1.57)*0.85 (0.68 to 1.05)1.14 (0.89 to 1.47)
Monthly personal income (ZAR)
 None (referent)
 ≤10 0001.13 (0.80 to 1.58)1.46 (1.00 to 2.13)0.93 (0.66 to 1.33)1.59 (0.66 to 3.80)1.05 (0.76 to 1.47)1.15 (0.77 to 1.71)2.24 (1.28 to 3.90)*
 ≤20 0001.08 (0.79 to 1.47)1.21 (0.85 to 1.72)1.05 (0.77 to 1.45)1.47 (0.65 to 3.36)1.17 (0.87 to 1.58)1.18 (0.82 to 1.70)2.66 (1.58 to 4.47)*
 ≤30 0001.26 (0.91 to 1.74)1.41 (0.98 to 2.04)1.02 (0.73 to 1.43)1.68 (0.72 to 3.92)0.96 (0.70 to 1.31)1.15 (0.78 to 1.69)2.34 (1.36 to 4.00)*
 ≤50 0001.21 (0.87 to 1.68)0.99 (0.67 to 1.45)1.18 (0.84 to 1.66)1.36 (0.57 to 3.27)0.87 (0.63 to 1.21)0.97 (0.64 to 1.45)2.30 (1.33 to 3.97)*
 >50 0001.01 (0.74 to 1.37)1.23 (0.87 to 1.74)1.06 (0.77 to 1.45)1.35 (0.59 to 3.07)0.89 (0.66 to 1.21)0.98 (0.68 to 1.42)2.43 (1.44 to 4.08)*
 Undisclosed1.00 (0.68 to 1.45)1.24 (0.81 to 1.90)0.91 (0.62 to 1.33)1.36 (0.51 to 3.62)0.98 (0.68 to 1.41)0.95 (0.60 to 1.52)2.06 (1.13 to 3.74)*
Health status
 Very good (referent)
 Good1.11 (0.86 to 1.43)1.22 (0.88 to 1.70)1.25 (0.98 to 1.61)1.63 (0.81 to 3.30)1.26 (0.98 to 1.63)1.02 (0.74 to 1.40)2.37 (1.47 to 3.82)*
 Moderate1.11 (0.85 to 1.43)2.28 (1.65 to 3.17)*1.58 (1.23 to 2.04)*1.70 (0.84 to 3.45)1.26 (0.98 to 1.63)1.18 (0.86 to 1.62)3.59 (2.24 to 5.77)*
 Bad1.05 (0.77 to 1.44)3.18 (2.19 to 4.61)*2.07 (1.50 to 2.86)*1.63 (0.71 to 3.71)1.34 (0.98 to 1.82)0.90 (0.60 to 1.33)6.11 (3.66 to 10.20)*
 Very bad0.88 (0.53 to 1.45)4.12 (2.43 to 6.98)*1.20 (0.74 to 1.96)2.73 (0.97 to 7.68)0.83 (0.50 to 1.38)0.58 (0.29 to 1.17)6.72 (3.49 to 12.91)*
  • *Asterisks (*) indicate statistical significance at p<0.05.

  • ZAR, South African rand.