Table 3

Steps to designing and conducting semistructured interviews

1Determining the purpose and scope of the study
2Identifying participants
3Considering ethical issues
4Planning logistical aspects
5Developing the interview guide
6Establishing trust and rapport
7Conducting the interview
8Memoing and reflection
9Analysing the data
10Demonstrating the trustworthiness of the research
11Presenting findings in a paper or report