Table 1

Identified physical multimorbidity patterns in the Japanese general population

PatternHealth condition
Cardiovascular-renal-metabolic (CRM) patternHypertension, diabetes, dyslipidaemia, stroke, cardiac diseases and kidney diseases
Skeletal-articular-digestive (SAD) patternArthritis or rheumatism, lumbar diseases and digestive diseases
Respiratory-dermal (RDE) patternChronic respiratory diseases and skin diseases
Malignant-digestive-urologic (MDU) patternMalignancy, digestive and urologic diseases
  • Exploratory factor analysis was used to identify multimorbidity patterns.