Table 4

Associations between high family functioning and social determinants among Mayi Kuwayu participants, Central Australia

High/very high family functioning, n/N (%)PR (95% CI)P valueAdjusted PR (95% CI)P value
Age group
 16–34 years142/212 (67.0)1 (ref)1 (ref)
 35–45 years144/223 (64.6)0.96 (0.84 to 1.10)0.5970.95 (0.82 to 1.09)0.473
 ≥55 years76/111 (68.5)1.02 (0.87 to 1.20)0.7851.04 (0.89 to 1.22)0.596
Gender
 Men143/210 (68.1)1 (ref)1 (ref)
 Women220/336 (65.5)0.96 (0.85 to 1.09)0.5250.97 (0.86 to 1.10)0.629
Household composition
 Nuclear/partner only82/142 (57.8)1 (ref)1 (ref)
 Multigenerational or extended families237/334 (71.0)1.23 (1.05 to 1.44)0.0101.19 (1.02 to 1.38)0.028
 Other29/45 (64.4)1.12 (0.86 to 1.45)0.4061.05 (0.81 to 1.36)0.734
Family financial status
 Some or a lot of savings75/105 (71.4)1 (ref)1 (ref)
 Just enough money159/225 (70.7)1.00 (0.85 to 1.15)0.8870.99 (0.86 to 1.14)0.893
 Run out of money or spend more than we get65/123 (52.9)0.74 (0.60 to 0.91)0.0040.74 (0.60 to 0.91)0.004
Household size
 1–3 people52/81 (64.2)1 (ref)1 (ref)
 4–6 people118/176 (67.1)1.04 (0.86 to 1.27)0.6591.07 (0.88 to 1.31)0.477
 7–9 people96/142 (67.1)1.05 (0.86 to 1.28)0.6101.06 (0.87 to 1.31)0.525
 ≥10 people54/90 (60.0)0.93 (0.74 to 1.18)0.5721.00 (0.79 to 1.27)0.982
Number of children in the house
 No children50/77 (64.9)1 (ref)1 (ref)
 1–2 children138/210 (65.7)1.01 (0.84 to 1.22)0.9031.05 (0.86 to 1.27)0.629
 ≥3 children132/203 (65.0)1.00 (0.83 to 1.21)0.9891.04 (0.85 to 1.26)0.729
House overcrowded
 Not at all/not relevant203/300 (67.7)1 (ref)1 (ref)
 A little bit70/105 (66.7)0.99 (0.84 to 1.15)0.8520.97 (0.83 to 1.14)0.706
 A fair bit26/41 (63.4)0.94 (0.73 to 1.20)0.6040.95 (0.75 to 1.22)0.691
 A lot44/71 (62.0)0.91 (0.75 to 1.11)0.3860.88 (0.72 to 1.08)0.229
Community worries
 No44/65 (67.7)1 (ref)1 (ref)
 Few178/267 (66.7)0.98 (0.82 to 1.19)0.8741.01 (0.84 to 1.23)0.893
 More73/104 (70.2)1.04 (0.84 to 1.28)0.7341.08 (0.84 to 1.23)0.834
Family worries
 No49/80 (61.3)1 (ref)1 (ref)
 Few120/171 (70.2)1.15 (0.94 to 1.40)0.1821.20 (0.97 to 1.47)0.086
 More163/243 (67.1)1.10 (0.90 to 1.33)0.3621.12 (0.91 to 1.37)0.274
Employed
 Not employed155/225 (68.9)1 (ref)1 (ref)
 Employed191/291 (65.6)0.96 (0.84 to 1.08)0.4330.97 (0.86 to 1.10)0.622
Highest level of education
 Year 10 or below242/373 (64.9)1 (ref)1 (ref)
 Year 11–12 or Certificate103/148 (69.6)1.07 (0.95 to 1.22)0.2901.08 (0.96 to 1.24)0.220
 University12/21 (57.1)0.88 (0.61 to 1.29)0.5240.87 (0.60 to 1.27)0.486
Welfare recipient
 No182/260 (70.0)1 (ref)1 (ref)
 Yes165/268 (61.6)0.88 (0.78 to 1.00)0.0420.88 (0.77 to 1.00)0.047
  • Data exclude 76 missing family functioning score and missing by individual variable. All variables adjusted for age and gender. Age adjusted only for gender. Gender adjusted only for age.

  • ref, reference group .