Table 5

Associations between high family functioning and cultural determinants among Mayi Kuwayu participants, Central Australia

High/very high family functioning, n/N (%)PR (95% CI)P valueAdjusted PR (95% CI)P value
Kanyini
Community cohesion
 Low14/46 (28.3)1 (ref)1 (ref)
 Moderate72/123 (58.5)2.10 (1.30 to 3.40)0.0032.09 (1.27 to 3.44)0.004
 High212/268 (79.1)2.80 (1.76 to 4.45)<0.0012.72 (1.68 to 4.39)<0.001
Individual agency in the community
 Low32/82 (39.0)1 (ref)1 (ref)
 Moderate80/125 (64.0)1.64 (1.21 to 2.22)<0.0011.66 (1.23 to 2.25)<0.001
 High174/213 (81.7)2.09 (1.59 to 2. 76)<0.0012.15 (1.63 to 2.85)<0.001
Tjukurpa
Exposure to cultural practice and knowledge
 Low-moderate132/236 (55.9)1 (ref)1 (ref)
 High194/243 (79.8)1.43 (1.25 to 1.63)<0.0011.45 (1.28 to 1.65)<0.001
 None8/14 (57.1)1.03 (0.64 to 1.64)0.9030.94 (0.56 to 1.58)0.807
First language
 English or other108/184 (58.7)1 (ref)1 (ref)
 An Aboriginal language241/334 (72.2)1.23 (1.07 to 1.41)0.0031.20 (1.04 to 1.37)0.011
Speaks language
 No48/84 (57.1)1 (ref)1 (ref)
 A little bit80/136 (58.8)1.03 (0.82 to 1.30)0.8071.07 (0.84 to 1.36)0.597
 A fair bit26/49 (53.1)0.93 (0.67 to 1.28)0.6521.04 (0.76 to 1.43)0.788
 A lot194/257 (75.5)1.32 (1.08 to 1.61)0.0061.37 (1.12 to 1.68)0.003
Cultural responsibilities for country
 No97/161 (60.3)1 (ref)1 (ref)
 Yes273/402 (67.9)1.13 (0.98 to 1.30)0.0991.14 (1.00 to 1.32)0.072
Ngura
Currently lives on country
 No161/256 (62.9)1 (ref)1 (ref)
 Yes182/263 (69.2)1.10 (0.97 to 1.25)0.1301.07 (0.95 to 1.23)0.233
Time in life spent living on country
 None52/81 (64.2)1 (ref)1 (ref)
 A little bit–a fair bit88/155 (56.7)0.88 (0.71 to 1.09)0.2580.94 (0.76 to 1.17)0.604
 A lot/all my life199/283 (70.3)1.10 (0.92 to 1.31)0.3201.14 (0.94 to 1.37)0.175
Knows tribe’s mob’s country
 Unsure37/50 (72.6)1 (ref)1 (ref)
 Reported309/476 (64.9)0.93 (0.76 to 1.14)0.4920.90 (0.75 to 1.08)0.268
Waltja
Other family speaks language
 No/unsure21/53 (60.4)1 (ref)1 (ref)
 Yes, other family speak language321/483 (66.5)1.10 (0.88 to 1.38)0.4071.16 (0.92 to 1.47)0.208
Knows skin name
 No/do not have one40/60 (66.7)1 (ref)1(ref)
 Yes270/409 (66.0)0.99 (0.82 to 1.20)0.9201.02 (0.84 to 1.24)0.810
Knows their mob
 Unsure37/51 (72.6)1 (ref)1 (ref)
 Reported309/476 (64.9)0.89 (0.74 to 1.07)0.2290.90 (0.75 to 1.08)0.268
  • Data exclude 76 missing a family functioning score and missing by individual variable. All variables adjusted for age and gender.

  • ref, reference group.