Table 2

Description of the study population by conditions constituting complex multimorbidity (MM)

Conditions constituting MMNo PDStage I PDStage II PDStage III/IV PDTotal (PD+no PD)Total PD
No of subjects257125396159937680
Chronic conditions
 Hypertension181 (31.1)80 (13.7)225 (38.7)96 (16.5)582401 (68.9)
 Hyperlipidaemia162 (29.1)84 (15.1)230 (41.3)81 (14.5)557395 (70.9)
 Diabetes71 (30.3)30 (12.8)88 (37.7)45 (19.2)234163 (69.7)
 Arthritis112 (25.5)67 (15.2)198 (45.0)63 (14.3)440328 (74.5)
 Coronary heart disease37 (44.1)*27 (32.1)11 (13.1)8447 (56.0)
 Overweight91 (25.9)54 (15.3)149 (42.3)58 (16.5)352261 (74.1)
 Stroke17 (36.2)*15 (31.9)*4730 (63.8)
 Asthma30 (24.6)22 (18.0)58 (47.5)12 (9.9)12292 (75.4)
 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease19 (36.5)*20 (38.5)11 (21.2)5233 (63.5)
 Emphysema****2113 (61.9)
 Bronchitis17 (27.9)*32 (52.5)*6144 (72.1)
 Cancer59 (27.3)24 (11.1)102 (47.2)31 (14.4)216157 (72.7)
 Liver11 (30.6)*17 (47.2)*3625 (69.4)
 Thyroid53 (30.6)33 (19.1)75 (43.4)12 (6.9)173120 (69.4)
 Psoriasis**13 (48.1)*2717 (63.0)
 Kidney disfunction14 (45.2)***3117 (54.8)
Functional limitations
 Activities of daily living30 (31.3)*35 (36.5)22 (22.9)9666 (68.8)
 Instrumental activities of daily living44 (33.6)17 (13.0)49 (37.4)21 (16.0)13187 (66.4)
 Leisure and social activities22 (25.9)12 (14.1)34 (40.0)17 (20.0)8563 (74.1)
 Lower extremity mobility61 (28.5)24 (11.2)94 (43.9)35 (16.4)214153 (71.5)
 General physical activities145 (31.6)56 (12.2)186 (40.5)72 (15.7)459314 (68.4)
Geriatric syndromes
 Cognitive impairment56 (42.7)*34 (26.0)32 (24.4)13175 (57.3)
 Hearing impairment32 (35.2)*40 (44.0)13 (14.2)9159 (64.8)
 Visual impairment**18 (40.9)*4435 (79.5)
 Urinary incontinence84 (26.7)41 (13.0)144 (45.7)46 (14.6)315231 (73.3)
 Depression19 (33.9)*21 (37.5)*5637 (66.1)
 Osteoporosis41 (32.8)21 (16.8)56 (44.8)*12584 (67.2)
 Fractures31 (31.6)13 (13.3)43 (43.9)11 (11.2)9867 (68.4)
  • *Cells with counts <11 were masked.

  • PD, periodontal disease.