Article Text

Download PDFPDF

Efficiency of community health service in urban and suburban areas of Shanghai: based on production function
  1. An Zhang1,
  2. Wen Xia2 and
  3. Yong Bao3
  1. 1Antai College of Economics and Management, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200052, China
  2. 2Shanghai Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shanghai 200336, China
  3. 3School of Public Health, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200025, China
  1. Corresponding author: Yong Bao School of Public Health, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200025, China 13651673015{at}


Objective To analyze the efficiency of community health service in urban and suburban areas of Shanghai.

Methods Fifty community health centers in Shanghai that registered to create “National Demonstration Community Health Center” in 2013 were included in our study. The service efficiency was analyzed with the methods of econometrics based on Cobb-Douglas production function.

Results Two production functions were formulated for urban community health services and those in suburban areas; the equation for urban areas was: lnY=7.778+0.450lnL+0.350lnK+μ; and the equation for suburban areas was: lnY=6.329+0.728lnL+0.350lnK+μ. The results showed that among the inputs, labor had more effect on output than capital did. It also showed that marginal benefit of labor was different in urban and suburban areas. Urban community health centers were in the interval of decreasing returns to scale, while suburban community health centers were in the interval of constant returns to scale.

Conclusion Increasing human resource investment is a key factor for increasing community health service output. Due to the difference of scale merit between urban and rural areas, government or other policy makers should make the development policy for them accordingly. Those community health centers in urban areas should pay more attention to the service efficiency and service innovation.

  • Community health service
  • Urban
  • Suburban
  • Production function
  • Efficiency

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.